مقایسه اثر چند ‌‌علف‌کش خاک مصرف بر کنترل علف‌های‌هرز سیب‌زمینیSolanum tuberosum) ) و عملکرد آن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

3 ندارم

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر ‌‌علف‌کش‌های اتال‌فلورالین، تریفلورالین و پندی‎متالین بر کنترل علف‌های‌هرز و عملکرد سیب‌زمینی، آزمایشی مزرعه‌ای به صورت بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار و با استفاده از رقم آگریا در ایستگاه تحقیقاتی آلاروق اردبیل در سال 1392 اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل کاربرد علف‌‎کش‌های اتال­فلورالین (سونالان، امولسیون 33%) در مقادیر (125/0، 25/0، 5/0، یک، دو و چهار لیتر در هکتار)، پندی­متالین (استومپ، امولسیون 33%) در مقادیر (25/0، 5/0، یک، دو، چهار و ششلیتر در هکتار) و تریفلورالین (ترفلان، امولسیون 48%) در مقادیر (125/0، 25/0، 5/0، یک، دو و چهار لیتر در هکتار) بود. نمونه­برداری از علف­های­هرز، 20و 60 روز پس از سمپاشی انجام شد. بیشترین درصد کاهش تراکم کل علف­های­هرز (4/97%)، 20 روز پس از کاربرد پندی‌متالین به میزان شش لیتر در هکتار مشاهده شد. پس از آن، اتال­فلورالین به میزان چهار لیتر در هکتار و در فاصله 60 روز پس از سمپاشی، بیشترین تاثیر را بر کاهش تراکم کل علف‌های‌هرز داشت (4/94%). همچنین بیشترین درصد کاهش زیست توده علف­های­هرز، پس از کاربرد ‌‌علف‌کش اتال­فلورالین به میزان چهار لیتر در هکتار مشاهده شد. کاربرد ‌‌علف‌کش­های اتال­فلورالین، پندی­متالین و تریفلورالین در مقادیر چهار، شش و چهار لیتر در هکتار (به ترتیب)، زیست توده­ی علف­های­هرز را در فاصله 20 روز پس از سم پاشی به میزان بیش از 90 درصد کاهش داد. بیشترین میانگین وزن غده و عملکرد کل غده از کاربرد ‌‌علف‌کش پندی­متالین به میزان چهار لیتر در هکتار بدست آمد که با تیمارهای کاربرد ‌‌علف‌کش‌های پندی‌متالین، تریفلورالین و اتال­فلورالین به ترتیب با مقادیر شش، دو و دو لیتر در هکتار اختلاف معنی­داری نداشت.
واژه­های کلیدی

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of Effect of Several Soil-Applied Herbicides on Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Weed Control and Potato Yield

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohamad taghi alebrahim 1
  • hamidreza mohammaddust 2
  • homayun faraji 3
  • elham samadi kalkhoran 3
2 associate of weed science
3 A
چکیده [English]

To study the effect ofEthalfluralin, Trifluralin and Pendimethalin on weed control in potato fields and potato yield, a field expriment was carried out in the Ardabil Agriculture and Natural Resources Resarch Station in 2014. Dose- response experiment was performed in an Agria potato cultivar field in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Experimental treatments were: Trifluralin and Etalfluralin at 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 L/ha, Pendimethalin at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 6 L / ha and two control treatment (weedy and weed free). Weed samplings carried out at 20 and 60 days after treatment. The maximum total weed density reduction was observed 20 days after 6 lit/h Pendimethalin application. After that, 4 lit/h Etalfluralin was at 60 days after spraying, had the greatest effect on reducing the total weed density (94.4%). Ethalfluralin at 4 lit/ha dose led to the maximum reduction total weed biomass. The application of4, 6 and 4 L /ha Ethalfluralin, Pendimethalin and Trifluralin respectively reduced the biomass of weeds over a period of 20 days after treatment by more than 90 percent. The maximum mean tuber weight and total tuber yield were achieved by 4 L /ha Pendimethalin that had not significant differences with 6, 2 and 4 L /ha Pendimethalin, Trifluralin and Ethalfluralin, respectivally.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chemical control
  • Dose- response
  • ethalfluralin
  • pendimethalin
  • trifluralin

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