اثر تداخل علف‌های‌هرز بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیکی و عملکرد توده‌های سیر (Allium sativum L) در کشت ارگانیک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هات علمی

2 دانشگاه زنجان

3 هیات علمی

چکیده

به منظور بررسی واکنش توده­های سیر به تداخل علف­های­هرز در منطقه زنجان، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال زراعی 95-1394 اجرا شد که در آن، چهار توده سیر (همدان یک، همدان دو، همدان سه و طارم) و دو سطح تداخل علف‌های هرز (تداخل و عدم تداخل) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج حاصل از تحقیق نشان داد که واکنش به تداخل علف‌های هرز، به طور معنی داری، تحت تاثیر نوع توده قرار گرفت. در رقابت با علف­های هرز، اکثر صفات توده­های همدان دو و همدان سه، کاهش قابل توجهی را نشان دادند. توده طارم، به دلیل توان رقابتی پایین، بیشترین کاهش در صفات مورد بررسی در شرایط تداخل را، نشان داد و کمترین عملکرد را در بین توده­ها تولید کرد. بطور کلی، توده همدان یک با توجه به عملکرد بالا و کاهش اندک عملکرد در شرایط تداخل، برای کشت در مناطق سردسیر نظیر زنجان توصیه می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Weed Interference on Some Morphological Traits and Yield of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) Accessions under Organic Cultivation

نویسندگان [English]

  • yousef ghazikhanlo 2
  • Ali ammarellou 3
2 University of zanjan
3 university of Zanjan
چکیده [English]

To evaluate the response of different garlic accessions to weed competition in Zanjan, west of Iran, a factorial experiment was carried out based on randomized complete block design with three replications in 2015-2016. Four variety of garlic (Hamedan 1, Hamedan 2, Hamedan 3 and Tarom) at two weed infestation conditions (whole season weed infestation and weed-free) were studied. The results indicated that responses to weed interference were significantly affected by accession. Hamedan 2 and Hamedan 3 accessions showed a considerable reduction in most traits under weed competitions while Tarom accession showed highest reduction that was most likely due to low competitive ability. Overall, Hamedan1 accession is recommended for cultivation in cool season regions such as Zanjan, due to the higher yield and lower yield decreases under weedy conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cool season regions
  • Competition
  • medicinal plant
  • weed infestation
  • yield
 

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