بررسی ترکیب جامعه علف های هرز چمن مزارع باجگاه ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری

2 دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

 بررسی از علف های هرز زمین های چمن در دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز در باجگاه در دو سال متوالی 1388-1387 انجام شد. در زمین های چمن با چمن اسپورت پوشش یافته، نمونه گیری از هر زمین صورت گرفت. اندازه گیری های کمی مانند فراوانی (F)، یکنواختی زمین (FU)، میانگین تراکم زمین (MFD)، میانگین وقوع تراکم زمین (MOFD) و فراوانی نسبی (RA) ثبت شدند. چهارده گونه علف هرز متعلق به 9 تیره گیاهی ثبت گردید. اکثر آن ها شامل: مینا سانان، باقلا سانان، فریژسانان و بارهنگ سانان می باشند. مهم‌ترین علف های هرز پهن برگ و باریک برگ، به ترتیب گل قاصد و چایر می باشند. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین فراوانی (F) (100%)، یکنواختی زمین (FU))28/89%)، میانگین تراکم زمین ((MFD ( m-243/58%) ومیانگین وقوع تراکم زمین) (MOFD   (m-243/58%) متعلق به گل قاصد در سال 1387 می باشد. نتایج سال 1388 تقریباً مشابه سال 1387 بود. گل قاصد بالاترین فراوانی نسبی را در هر دو سال نشان داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Floristic Composition of Weed Community in Turfgrass Fields of Bajgah, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • s esmaili 1
  • hamid salehi 2
چکیده [English]

A weed survey of turfgrass fields was conducted at Bajgah during 2008- 2009. The turfgrass fields had been covered with Sport turf. Quantitative measurements viz frequency (F), field uniformity (FU), mean field density (MFD), mean occurrence field density (MOFD) and relative abundance (RA) were recorded. Fourteen species of weeds of 9 families were recorded. Most of them were included in Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Poaceae, and Plantaginaceae. The most important broad leaved and narrow-leaved weeds were Taraxacum officinale L. and Cynodon dactylon [L.] Pers., respectively. Results indicated that the highest frequency (F) (100%), field uniformity (FU) (89.28%), mean field  density (MFD) (58.43 m-2) and mean occurrence field density (MOFD) (58.43 m-2) belongs to T. officinale L. of the year 2008. Results were almost the same at year 2009. Taraxacum officinale L. showed the highest relative abundance in both years.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lawn
  • Population
  • Survey
  • Taraxacum officinale L
  • Weeds

Al-Gohary, I. H. 2008. Floristic composition of eleven wadis in Gebel Elba, Egypt. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 10: 151–160.

Beard, J. B. 1998. The Benefits of golf course turf. pp: 191-201. Golf Course Management, March.

Beard, J. B. and Robert, L. G. 1994.The role of turfgrasses in environmental protectionand their benefits to Humans. Journal of Environmental Quality 23: 452-460.

Bennet, S. T. 2004. Suggestions for the care of Seashore Paspalum. Retrieved August 10,2007from  http://www.environmentalturf.com/images/maintenace/finalmanual.pdf.

Derksen, D. A., Thomas, G. J., Lafond, G. P., Loeppky, H. A. and Swanton, C. J. 1995. Impact of post-emergence herbicides on weed community diversity within conservation-tillage systems. Weed Research 35: 311–320.

Dernoeden, P. H. 1999. Agronomy Mimeo 79: Broadleaf weed control in established lawns. Retrieved October 12, 2009, from http://iaa.umd.edu/umturf/Weeds/Broadleaf_Control.html. (Accessed 12 October 2009)

Emmons, R. D. 2000. Turf grass science and management, 3rd edition. NewYork: Delmar, Thompson Learning, Inc. New York.

Frick, B. and Thomas, A. G. 1992. Weed surveys in different tillage systems in southwestern Ontario field crops. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 72: 1337–1347.

Ghorsi- anbaran, A. R., Bazoobandi, M., Arian, H. and Mousavi – Sarveneh Baghi, R. 2007. Floristic studies in landscapes and urban parks of Mashhad. The proceedings of 2th Iranian Weeds Conference. 18-22.(In Persian with English summary).

Kim, S. C., Park, R. K. and Moody, K. 1983. Changes in the weed flora transplanted rice as affected by introduction of improve rice cultivarsand the relationship between weed communities and soil chemical properties. Research Report ORD.25: 90–97.

Kim, S. C. and Moody, K. 1980. Types of weed communities in transplanted lowland rice and relationship between yield and weed weight in weed communities. Journal of Korean Society for Crop Science 25: 1–8.

Maciel, C. D. G., Poletine, J. P., Aquino, C. J. R., Ferreira, D. M. and Maio, R. M. D. 2008. Floristic composition of the weed community in Paspalum notatum flügge turf grasses in Assis, sp. Planta Daninha Viçosa-MG 26: 57–64.

McClosky, W. B., Baker, P. B. and Sherman, W. 1998. Survey of cotton weeds and weed control practices in Arizona upland cotton fields. p. 7 in J. Silvertooth (Ed.). Cotton: a College of Agriculture, University of Arizona.

McCully, K. V., Sampson, M. G. and Watson, A. K. 1991. Weed survey of Nova Scotia low bush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) fields. Weed Science 29: 180–185.

Thomas, A. G. 1985. Weed survey system used in Saskatchewan for and oilseed crops. Weed Science 33: 34–43.

Thomas, A. G. and Wise, R. F. 1987. Weed survey of Saskatchewan cereal and oilseed crops 1986. Weed Survey Series Publ. 87-1, Agriculture Canada, Regina, SK. 251p.

Uddin, M. K., Juraimi, A. S., Begum, M., Ismail, M. R., Rahim, A. A. and Othman, R. 2009. Floristic composition of weed community in turf grass area of West Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 11: 13-20.

Xing, A. C., Qiang, W., Ping, Z. A., Fen, D.  and  Ming, L. X. 2000. Survey of weeds in turf in Hangzhou. Acta Agriculturae. Zhejiangensis 12: 360–362.

Younesabadi, M., Salimi, H. and Kashiri, H. 2007. Identification and determination of density, frequency and uniformity of dominant weeds of canola in Golestan Province. The proceedings of 2th Iranian Weeds Conference. 23-27.(In Persian with English summary).