تاثیر افزودنی‌های مختلف در افزایش کارایی علف‌کش سولفوسولفورون در کنترل علف‌هرز جودره در مزارع گندم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 موسسه تحقیقات گیاهپزشکی

چکیده

مطالعه‌ای با هدف بررسی کارایی افزودنی‌های مختلف علف‌کش سولفوسولفورون در کنترل علف‌هرز جودره در مزارع گندم کرج، کامیاران و مرودشت در سال‌های 91 و 92 به اجرا درآمد. تیمارها شامل غلظت‌ توصیه شده سولفوسولفورون، با و بدون سولفات‌آمونیوم و روغن ولک، سولفوسولفورون+مت‌سولفورون+ سورفکتانت Tmix، و شاهد بدون کنترل بود. از سولفوسولفورون+ فنیتروتیون نیز بدلیل کنترل همزمان سن گندم و اثر سینرژیستی این حشره‌کش فسفره درکنترل علف‌های‌هرز استفاده شد. نتایج بدست آمده در هر سه مکان تا حدودی مشابه بود. نتایج حاصل نشان داد که تیمار سولفوسولفورون+سولفات آمونیوم دارای بیشترین کارایی در کاهش خسارت و کنترل مناسب‌تر این علف‌هرز نسبت به سایر تیمارها بود. لازم به ذکر است که بطور کل کاربرد علف‌کش علی‌رغم اینکه در مرحله گره دوم تاثیر بیشتری در کاهش صفات وزن‌تر، وزن خشک، وزن و قطر بذر جودره (به ترتیب 10، 15، 18 و 9 درصد) نسبت به مرحله پنجه داشت، اما کاربرد علف‌کش در مرحله پنجه‌زنی علف‌هرز نسبت به گره دوم، تاثیر بیشتری در کاهش خسارت این علف‌هرز و سایر علف‌های‌هرز و همچنین افزایش صفات مربوط به گیاه زراعی گندم شد. همچنین کاربرد علفکش سولفوسولفورون به تنهایی کمترین تاثیر را نسبت به سایر تیمارها در کنترل جودره داشت. پیشنهاد می‌شود در مناطق آلوده به جودره از افزودنی سولفات آمونیوم با سولفوسولفورون جهت تاثیر بیشتر در کنترل جودره در مرحله پنجه‌زنی استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Some Adjuvants on Sulfosulfuron Efficacy in Hordeum spontaneum Control in Wheat Fields

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sirvan Babaei 1
  • Hassan Alizadeh 1
  • Mohammad Ali Baghestani 2
  • Mohammad Reza Naghavi 1
چکیده [English]

Field experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of various adjuvants on reducing Hordeum spontaneum damage in wheat fields at Karaj, Kamyaran and Marvdasht during 2013 and 2014. Treatments comprised sulfosulfuron, sulfosulfuron + ammonium sulfate, sulfosulfuron + volck oil, sulfosulfuron + fenitrothion (a phosphorus insecticide), sulfosulfuron + metsulfuron all in recommended doses and check plots. Results revealed that there were similarities among locations of experiment. Furthermore, sulfosulfuron + ammonium sulfate had the highest efficiency to control H. spontaneum compared to other treatments. In general, although herbicide + adjuvant applications in second nod of the weed had the highest effect on fresh and  dry weight, weight and seed diameter (10, 15, 18, and 9 percent respectively) of H. spontaneum, its application in tillering stage was superior because of better control of other weeds and likewise enhanced wheat characteristics.  Also, sole application of sulfosulfuron had the lowest effect on H. spontaneum control. According to these results applying sulfosulfuron + ammonium sulfate in the tillering stage of H. spontaneum was recommended in infested areas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Growth stage
  • volck oil
  • ammonium sulfate
  • insecticide

Baghestani, M.A., Zand, E., Mesgaran, M.B., Veyssi, M., Pourazr, R., Mohammadipour M. 2008. Control of weed barley species in winter wheat with sulfosulfuron at different rates and times of application. Weed Biol. & Manag. 8:181-190.

Baghestani, M.A., Zand, E. and Moeini, M.M. 2007a. Review of the research on wield barley control in wheat fields. Proceeding of 2nd Iranian weed congress, Mashhad, Iran. (In Persian with English summary).

Baghestani, M.A., Zand, E., Soufizadeh, S., Jamali, M. and Maighani, F. 2007b. Evaluation of sulfosulfuron for broadleaved and grass weed control in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran. Crop Protect. 26:1385-1389.

Baghestani, M.A., Zand, E., Soufizadeh, S., Mirvakili, S.M. and Jafarzadeh, N. 2007c. Response of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and weeds to tank mixtures of 2,4-D plus MCPA with clodinafoppropaggyl. Weed Biol. & Manag. 7:209-218.

Bazoobandi, M., Zand, E. and Baghestani, M.A. 2006. Weeds in sugar beet field and their control. Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection report. Pp. 57.

Christopher, J.T., Preston, C. and Powles, S.B. 1994. Malathion antagonizes metabolism-based chlorsulfuron resistance in Lolium rigidum. Pestic. Biochem. and Physiol. 49:172-182.

Fielding, R.J. and Stoller, E.W. 1990. Effects of additives on the efficacy, uptake and translocation of the methyl ester of thifensulfuron. Weed Sci. 8:172–178.

Fry, J., Rodie, S., Gaussoin, R., Wiest, S., Upham, W. and Zuk, A. 2001. Using flowering ornamentals to guide application of pre-emergence herbicides in the mid-western.  International Turfgrass Society, Res. Journal. 9: 1009-1012.

Heini, J., Mainx, H.G. and Gerhards, R. 2012. Evaluation of the potency of different seed oil ethoxylates to increase herbicide efficacy in comparison to commercial adjuvants. 25th German Conference on Weed Biology and Weed Control, Braunschweig, Germany. 549-556.

Hoseini, S.A. 2012. Evaluation the Hordeum spontaneum chemical controlin wheat and determine the connection between herbicide efficacy and P450 cytochrome enzyme monooxygenase. PhD thesis in weed Science. Ferdosi Mashhad University. Pp. 110.

Jamali, M.R. and Jokar, L. 2010. Effect of rotation in Hordeum spontaneum control in Fars province wheat fields. Crop Protect. (Agricultural Science and Industry). 24(1):99-107. (In Persian with English summary).

Kreuz, K. and Fonne-Pfister, R. 1992. Herbicide-insecticide interaction in maize: Malathion inhibits cytochrome P450-dependent primisulfuron metabolism. Pestic. Biochem. and Physiol. 43:232-240.

Mallory-Smith, C., Hendrickson, P. & Mueller-Warrant, G. 1999. Cross-resistance of primisulfuron-resistant Bromus tectorum L. (downy brome) to sulfosulfuron. Weed Sci. 47(3):256-257.

Mousavinik, A., Zand, E., Baghestani, M.A., Deihimfard, R., Soufizadeh, S., Ghezeli, F. and Aliverdi, A. 2009. Ability of adjuvants in enhancing the performance of Pinoxaden and Clodinafop Propargyl herbicides against grass weeds. Iranian J. of Weed Sci. 5:65-77.

Nalewaja, J.D. and Matysiak, R. 1993. Influence of diammonium sulfate and other salts on glyphosate phytotoxicity. Pesticide Sci. 38:77-84.

Pratt, D., Kells, J.J. and Penner, D. 2003. Substitutes for ammonium sulfate as additives with glyphosate and glufosinate. Weed Technol. 17:576-581.

Rastegar, M.A. 2002. Weeds and their control methods. University press center, Tehran. Pp. 413.

Williams, B.J. and Harvey, R.G. 1996. Nicosulfuron tolerance in sweet corn (Zea mays) as affected by hybrid, rootworm insecticide, and nicosulfuron treatment. Weed Technol. 10:488-494.

Zand, E., Baghestani, M.A., AghaAlikhani, M., Soufizadeh, S., Khayami, M.M., PourAzar, R., Sabeti, P., Jamali, M., Baghestani, N. and Forouzesh, S. 2010. Chemical control of weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran. Crop Protec. 29:1223-1231.

Zollinger, R.K., Ries, J.L. and Hammond, J.J. 2003. Survey of weeds in North Dakota—2000. Fargo, ND: North Dakota State University Extension Service. Extension Report 83. 97 pp..

Baghestani, M.A., Zand, E., Mesgaran, M.B., Veyssi, M., Pourazr, R., Mohammadipour M. 2008. Control of weed barley species in winter wheat with sulfosulfuron at different rates and times of application. Weed Biol. & Manag. 8:181-190.

Baghestani, M.A., Zand, E. and Moeini, M.M. 2007a. Review of the research on wield barley control in wheat fields. Proceeding of 2nd Iranian weed congress, Mashhad, Iran. (In Persian with English summary).

Baghestani, M.A., Zand, E., Soufizadeh, S., Jamali, M. and Maighani, F. 2007b. Evaluation of sulfosulfuron for broadleaved and grass weed control in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran. Crop Protect. 26:1385-1389.

Baghestani, M.A., Zand, E., Soufizadeh, S., Mirvakili, S.M. and Jafarzadeh, N. 2007c. Response of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and weeds to tank mixtures of 2,4-D plus MCPA with clodinafoppropaggyl. Weed Biol. & Manag. 7:209-218.

Bazoobandi, M., Zand, E. and Baghestani, M.A. 2006. Weeds in sugar beet field and their control. Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection report. Pp. 57.

Christopher, J.T., Preston, C. and Powles, S.B. 1994. Malathion antagonizes metabolism-based chlorsulfuron resistance in Lolium rigidum. Pestic. Biochem. and Physiol. 49:172-182.

Fielding, R.J. and Stoller, E.W. 1990. Effects of additives on the efficacy, uptake and translocation of the methyl ester of thifensulfuron. Weed Sci. 8:172–178.

Fry, J., Rodie, S., Gaussoin, R., Wiest, S., Upham, W. and Zuk, A. 2001. Using flowering ornamentals to guide application of pre-emergence herbicides in the mid-western.  International Turfgrass Society, Res. Journal. 9: 1009-1012.

Heini, J., Mainx, H.G. and Gerhards, R. 2012. Evaluation of the potency of different seed oil ethoxylates to increase herbicide efficacy in comparison to commercial adjuvants. 25th German Conference on Weed Biology and Weed Control, Braunschweig, Germany. 549-556.

Hoseini, S.A. 2012. Evaluation the Hordeum spontaneum chemical controlin wheat and determine the connection between herbicide efficacy and P450 cytochrome enzyme monooxygenase. PhD thesis in weed Science. Ferdosi Mashhad University. Pp. 110.

Jamali, M.R. and Jokar, L. 2010. Effect of rotation in Hordeum spontaneum control in Fars province wheat fields. Crop Protect. (Agricultural Science and Industry). 24(1):99-107. (In Persian with English summary).

Kreuz, K. and Fonne-Pfister, R. 1992. Herbicide-insecticide interaction in maize: Malathion inhibits cytochrome P450-dependent primisulfuron metabolism. Pestic. Biochem. and Physiol. 43:232-240.

Mallory-Smith, C., Hendrickson, P. & Mueller-Warrant, G. 1999. Cross-resistance of primisulfuron-resistant Bromus tectorum L. (downy brome) to sulfosulfuron. Weed Sci. 47(3):256-257.

Mousavinik, A., Zand, E., Baghestani, M.A., Deihimfard, R., Soufizadeh, S., Ghezeli, F. and Aliverdi, A. 2009. Ability of adjuvants in enhancing the performance of Pinoxaden and Clodinafop Propargyl herbicides against grass weeds. Iranian J. of Weed Sci. 5:65-77.

Nalewaja, J.D. and Matysiak, R. 1993. Influence of diammonium sulfate and other salts on glyphosate phytotoxicity. Pesticide Sci. 38:77-84.

Pratt, D., Kells, J.J. and Penner, D. 2003. Substitutes for ammonium sulfate as additives with glyphosate and glufosinate. Weed Technol. 17:576-581.

Rastegar, M.A. 2002. Weeds and their control methods. University press center, Tehran. Pp. 413.

Williams, B.J. and Harvey, R.G. 1996. Nicosulfuron tolerance in sweet corn (Zea mays) as affected by hybrid, rootworm insecticide, and nicosulfuron treatment. Weed Technol. 10:488-494.

Zand, E., Baghestani, M.A., AghaAlikhani, M., Soufizadeh, S., Khayami, M.M., PourAzar, R., Sabeti, P., Jamali, M., Baghestani, N. and Forouzesh, S. 2010. Chemical control of weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran. Crop Protec. 29:1223-1231.

Zollinger, R.K., Ries, J.L. and Hammond, J.J. 2003. Survey of weeds in North Dakota—2000. Fargo, ND: North Dakota State University Extension Service. Extension Report 83. 97 pp..