Ali-beige, D., Fathi, G., Pourazar, R. and Bahmaee, Y. 2011. Investigation the residue effects of sulfonylurea herbicides wheat after corn. 1st National Conference on new discussion in agricultural. Islamic Azad University of Saveh, 11-12 Novamber, Saveh, Iran. 2: 91-107. (In Persian with English summary).
Anonymous, 2014. Agricultural statistics. Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Planning and Economy, Center for Information and Communication Technology. 2: 379. http://amar.maj.ir
. Accessed August 11, 2016.
Baghestani, M.A., Zand, E., Lotfi-Mavi F., Esfadiari H., Pourazar R. and Mamnoie E. 2013. Evaluation of spectrum efficacy of registered herbicides used in corn. J. of Plant Pests & Diseases. 81: 100-122.
Barriuso, E. and Calvel, R. 1992. Soil type and herbicide adsorption. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 46:117-128.
Barzoei, M., Rashed Mohassel, M., Izadi Darbandy, E., Hassanzadeh, M. and Rastgoo, M. 2013.Effect of organic and biological fertilizers on trifluralin durability in soil. Proceedings of the 5th Iranian Weed Science Congress. Weeds and Herbicide Management, 24-26 August, Karaj, Iran. 1: 561-558. (In Persian with English summary).
Brown, H.M. 1990. Mode of action, crop selectivity, and soil relations of the sulfonylurea herbicides. Pesticide Sci. 29: 263-281.
Cobb, A.H. and Reade, J.P.H. 2010 .The Inhibition of Amino Acid Biosynthesis. Pages 176–199. Herbicides and Plant Physiology. 2th edn. UK: Wiley-Blackwell 296 Pp.
EPA Pesticide Fact Sheet. 1989. Tribenuron Methyl, Chemical Profile 6/89. http://pmep. cce.cornell.edu/profiles/ herb-growthreg/ sethoxydim-vernolate/tribenuron.methyl .htm. Accessed August 11, 2016.
Fakhrerad, F., Izadi Darbandi, E., Rashed Mohassel, M.H. and Hassanzadeh-Khayat, M. 2012. Evaluation of some pulses and other crops sensitivity to metribuzin simulated soil residue. Iranian J. of Pulses Res. 3(2): 73-84. (In Persian with English summary).
Felix, J., Doohan, D.J., and Bruins, D. 2007. Differential vegetable crop responses to mesotrione soil residues a year after application. Crop Protec. 26:1395-1403.
Ferris, I.G. 1993. A risk assessment of sulfonylurea herbicides leaching to ground water. AGSO J. of Aust. Geol. and Geophys. 14 (2/3), 297- 302.
Hadizadeh, M.H. 2008. The effect of manure on the herbicide residues of sulfosulfuron in soil using crops sensitivity. J.of Sustain. Agric. and Prod. Sci. (J. ofAgric.Knowledge). 4: 33-45. (In Persian with English summary).
Halloway, K.L., Kookana, R.S., Noy, D.M., Smith, J.G. and Wilhelm, N. 2006. Crop damage caused byresidual acetolactate synthase herbicides in the soils of south-eastern Australia. Aust. J. Exp. Agric.46: 1323-1331.
Izadi E., Rashed Mohassel, M.H., Dehghan, M., Mahmoodi, G. 2009. Evaluation of sulfosulforun (Apyrus) herbicide simulated soil residualeEffect on 7 crops using bioassay experiment. Iranian J. of Weed Sci. 1(6): 53-64. (In Persian with English summary).
Izadi E., Rashed Mohassel, M. H, Zand
, E. 2010a
. Evaluation of crops sensitivity to atrazine soil residual. Iranian J. of Field Crops Res. 8 (6): 995-1001. (In Persian with English summary).
Izadi-Darbandi, E., Rashed-Mohassel, M.H., Mahmoudim, G. and Dehghan, M. 2010b. Evaluation of simulation of sulfosulfuron (Epirus) in the soil on the seven crops. J. of Sustain. Agric. and Produc. Sci. 6:53-64. (In Persian with English summary).
Izadi-Darbandi, E., Rashed-Mohassel, M.H., Mahmoodi, G. and Dehghan, M. 2011. Evaluation of crops sensitivity to Total (sulfosulfuron + metsulforun) herbicide soil residue. J. of Plant Protec. 25:194-201. (In Persian with English summary).
Izadi-Darbandi, E., Rashed-Mohassel, M.H., Mahmoudim, G. and Dehghan, M. 2013b. Evaluation of some crops tolerance to gGranstar (tribenuron methyl) herbicide soil residual. J. of Plant Protec. 26:362-369. (In Persian with English summary).
Izadi-Darbandi, E. and Aliverdi, A. 2015. Optimizing sulfosulfuron and sulfosulfuron plus metsulfuronmethyl activity when tank-Mixed with vegetable oil to control wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum Koch.). J. Agr. Sci. Tech. 17: 1769-1780.
Kanissery, R.G. and Sims, G.K. 2011. Biostimulation for the enhanced degradation of herbicides in soil. Appl. and Environ. Soil Sci. Vol. 2011. Article ID 843450. 10 pages, DOI:10.1155/2011/843450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/843450. Accessed: Jun 28, 2011.
Kucharski, M. 2004. Degradation of phenmedipham in soil under laboratory conditions. Veg. Crops Res. Bull. 60: 63-70.
Kucharski, M. 2007. Impact of adjuvants on: phenmedipham, desmedipham and ethofumesate residues in soil and plant. Pestycydy. 3-4: 53-59.
Kucharski, M. and Sadowski, J. 2006. Effect of adjuvants on herbicide residues level in soil and plant. J. of Plant Dis. and Protect. 20: 971-975
Kucharski, M., Sadowski, J. and Domaradzki, K. 2012. Degradation rate of chloridazon in soil as influenced by adjuvants. J. of Plant Protect. Res. 52: 114-117.
Kudsk, P. and Mathiassen, S.K. 2007. Analysis of adjuvant effects and their interactions withvariable application parameters. Crop Protec. 26: 328-334.
Mahdizadeh, M. 2012. Influence of different organic fertilizers on metribuzin persistence in soil. Master's thesis. Faculty of Agriculture- Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 110 Pp. (In Persian with English summary).
Mansoori, S., Zand, E., Baghestani-Maybodi, M.A. and Tavakoli, M. 2008. Effect of sulfonylurea herbicides on yield and component of yield of canola (Brassica napus). J. of Iran. Weed Sci. 4:83-85. (In Persian with English summary).
Mata-Sandoval, J.K., Karns, J. and Torrents, A. 2001. Influence of rhamnolipids and Triton X-100 on the biodegradation of three pesticides in aqueous phase and soil slurries. J. of Agric. and Food Chem. 49: 3296–3303.
Mehdizadeh, M., Alebrahim, M.T. and Bagaepour, Amrai, M. 2015. Evaluation of crops sensitivity to simazine simulated residue in soil using bioassay experiment. Proceedings of the 6th Iranian Weed Science Congress. Weeds and Herbicide Management, 10-12, Sebtember, Birjand, Iran, 1: 902-906. (In Persian with English summary).
Moyer, J.R. 1995. Sulfonylurea herbicide effects on following crops. Weed Technol. 9: 373- 379.
Mueller, K., Smith, R.E., James, T.K., Holland, P.T. and Rahman, A. 2003. Prediction of field atrazine persistence in an allophonic soil with Opuse 2. Pest Manag. Sci. 60:447-458.
Nosraty, A., Iranbakhsh, A.R. and Sabory, M.S. 2007. A survey on dispersion and disintegration of herbicides 2, 4 D and atrazin in field conditions. Agro. J. (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi). 75: 86-96. (In Persian with English summary).
Noy, D.M. and Hollaway, K.L. 2001. Metsulfuron-methyl residues and potential recropping damage in Victorian cropping soils. Proceedings of the 10th Australian Agronomy Conference, 29-31 January, Hobart, Australia. http:// www.regional.org.au/ au/asa/2001/ index.htm. Accessed: February 1, 2001.
Paul, R., Sharma, R., Kulshrestha, G. and Singh, S.B. 2009. Analysis of metsulfuron-methyl residues in wheat field soil, a comparison of HPLC and bioassay techniques. Pest Manag. Sci. 65: 963-968.
Pestemer, W. and Zwerger, P. 1999. The application of a standardized bioassay to estimate the phytotoxic effects of frequently used herbicides on non-target plants. Human and Environmental Exposure to Xenobiotics. Pages 763-770. In Pestemer W, ed. Agriculture, Biology and Environmental Sciences. Italy: Bologna University Press.
Pirhadi, A., Ramezani, M.k. and Diyanat, M. 2013. Effect of trifluraline residues in soils taken from two regions of Mazandaran province on rice (Oryza sativa) grown in pots. Proceedings of the 5th Iranian Weed Science Congress. Weeds and Herbicide Management. 24-26 August, Karaj, Iran. 1: 728-731. (In Persian with English summary).
Qiu, Y., Pang, H., Zhou, Z., Zhang, P., Feng, Y. and Sheng, G.D. 2009. Competitive biodegradation of dichlobenil and atrazine coexisting in soilamended with a charandcitrate. Environ. Pollut. 157: 2964-2969.
Ramezani, M.K. 2010. Soil persistence of herbicides and their carryover effects on rotational crops– A review. Iran. J. of Weed Sci. 2: 95-119. (In Persian with English summary).
Rodriguez-Cruz, M.S., Sanchez-Martin, M.J., Andrades, M.S. and Sanchez-Camazano, M. 2007. Retention of pesticides in soil columns modified in situ and ex situ with a cationic surfactant. Sci. of the Total Environ. 378: 104-112.
Santin-Montanya., I., Alonso-Prados, J.L., Villarroya, M. and Garcia-Baudin, J.M. 2006. Bioassy for determining sensitivity to sulfosulfuron on seven plant species. J. of Environ. Sci. and Health. 41: 781-793.
Shahbazi, S., Alizadeh, H. and Jahromim, K.T. 2015. Study of nicosufuron+rimsulfuron (Ultima) residues in maize filed by bioassay. Iran. J. of Field Crop Sci. (Iran. J. of Agric. Sci.). 46: 15-24. (In Persian with English summary).
Sharifi, Z. and Taghizadeh, M. 2012. Residue effect of recently registered herbicide Lumax (mesoterion+ metolacholor + terbuthylazine) and some sulfonylurea herbicides on wheat after corn in Moghan. Int. J. of Agriscience. 2: 1036-1042.
Sharma, S.D., Kirkwood, R.C. and Whateley, T.I. 1996. Effect of non-ionic nonylphenol surfactants on surface physicochemical properties, uptake and distribution of asulam and diflufenican. Weed Res. 36: 227-239.
Sobh-Zahedi, T., Yaghoubi, B. and Mosavi, A.A. 2015. Pendimethalin residue bioassay in paddy field. Proceedings of the 6th Iranian Weed Science Congress. Weeds and Herbicide Management, 10-12 Sebtember, Birjand, Iran. 1: 907-911. (In Persian with English summary).
Sumislawska, J. and Kostowska, B. 1991. Influence of adjuvants on phenmedipham residues. Prog. in Plant Protect. 31: 152-156.
Swarcewicz, M. 1996. Influence of oil adjuvants on trifluralin persistence in light soil. Zeszyty Naukowe AR Szczecin. Rolnictwo. 63: 211-217, (In Polish with English summary).
Swarcewicz, M. and Mulinski, Z. 1996. Effect of spray adjuvants Atpol and Olbras on atrazine fate in soil and water. Proceedings. 2nd International Weed Control Congress, 25-28 June Copenhagen, Denmark.1:343-348.
Swarcewicz, M., Mulinski, Z. and Zbiec, I. 1998. Influence of spray adjuvants on the behavior of trifluralin in the soil. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 60: 569-576.
Tejada, M., García-Martinez, A.M., Gomez, I. and Parrado, J. 2010. Application of MCPA herbicide on soils amended with biostimulants: short-time effects on soil biological properties. Chemosphere. 80: 1088–1094.
Torabi, S., Gherekhloo, J. and Kamkar, B. 2013. Investigating the effect of manure and atrazine application rate on herbicide persistence in soil. Proceedings of the 5th Iranian Weed Science Congress. Weeds and Herbicide Management, 24-26 August, Karaj, Iran. 1: 978-981. (In Persian with English summary).
Wang, M.E. and Zhou, Q.X. 2006. Effects of herbicide chlorimuronethyl on physiological mechanisms in wheat (Triticumaestivum). Ecotox. Environ. Safe. 64: 190–197.
Zand, E., Baghestani, M.A, Nezamabadi, N., Minbashi, M., Hadizadeh, M. H. 2009a. A review on the last list of herbicides and the most important weeds of Iran. J. of Res. weeds. 1 (2): 83-100 (In Persian with English summary).
Zand, E., M. A Baghestani, R. Pour Azar, P. Sabeti, F. Ghezeli, M. M. Khayami, F. Ghezeli and A. Rzazy. 2009b. Efficacy of new herbicide Lomax (mesotrione +s-metolachlor +terbuthylazine) Altima (nicosulfuron +rimsulfuron) and dynamic (amicarbazon) in compared with conventional herbicides in corn fields in Iran. J. of Plant Protec. 23: 42-55. (In Persian with English summary).
., Mu, W
., Hou, Z
., Wu, X
., Zhao, W
., Zhang, X
., Pan, H
. and Zhang, S
. 2012. Biodegradation of nicosulfuron by the bacterium Serratia marcescens N80. J of Environ. Sci. Health.